Module 2 Training Course
Defining Empathy
A Way of Being for a Better World

Project: Design a Training Course/Workshop on the Definition of Empathy

This is a brainstorming and planning site for developing this course. It is in development
Short URL to Edit this page: https://bit.ly/3AioAVA


PROJECT LINKS

  1. Design Notes - Shared Google Doc Workspace. Take notes here to discuss and sort

      1. To Do List

      2. . Meeting Schedule

      3. etc.

  2. Meetings Note Pages

    1. 2022-08-05 - Friday Empathy Circle

    2. 2022-08-12 - Friday Empathy Circle

    3. 2022-08-19 - Friday Empathy Circle

    4. 2022-08-26 - Friday Empathy Circle

  3. Brainstorming -- Brainstorming and ideas about the course.

  4. Materials -- Various material for the Course.

      1. Course Google Folder

      2. Course Signup Page

      3. Google Forms: Application

      4. Session Feedback

      5. Course Evaluation

      6. Empathy Definition Slideshow - Lesson 1: A slide show Edwin made about empathy definition

      7. etc.

  5. Promotion -- Ideas on How to Promote the Course?

  6. LESSONS - each lesson has it's own page for development Model

      1. Lesson 1 - Defining Empathy: A Way of Being Model

      2. Lesson 2 - Self-Empathy

      3. Lesson 3 - Imaginative Empathy

      4. Lesson 4 - Relational Empathy

      5. Lesson 5 - Blocks to Empathy

      6. Lesson 6 - Compare and Contrast Other Empathy Models

  7. Design Team

    1. Edwin Rutsch -- comments color

    2. Violeta Cone -- comments color

    3. Priyanka Sharma -- comments color

    4. Melanie Sears --

    5. Lou Zweier --




Building the Empathy Movement
Empathy Training Module 2
Defining Empathy: A Way of Being for a Better World
Take this training to develop a deep understanding of the definition and meaning of empathy.


"An empathic way of being with another person has several facets. It means entering the private perceptual world of the other and becoming thoroughly at home in it. It involves being sensitive, moment by moment, to the changing felt meanings which flow in this other person, to the fear or rage or tenderness or confusion or whatever that he or she is experiencing."
Carl Rogers


Why This Course?

We can all benefit from empathy: as individuals, as families, as communities, societies and cultures. To begin this journey, we need to know what empathy is.

A great deal of confusion exists about what empathy means. In this course we want to create deeper clarity and understanding.

This course is designed for everyone who wants to grow in empathy and will always be open to the general public.

To Build an Empathy Movement: Together we are building an Empathy Movement for greater societal wellbeing. For that movement be need clear definitions of what it is about.


Objectives
After this course, the participants will:

  1. Know

        1. Develop a deeper understanding of the meaning of empathy

        2. (Understand a model of empathy as a Way of Being.)

        3. Understand the blocks to empathy

  2. Be Able to

        1. Enlarge your empathic capacity.

        2. Take part in and facilitate an Empathy Circle

        3. Identify the facets of an Empathic Way of Being

        4. Be able to evaluate how people are using the word empathy, in conversation, articles, books, etc.


Course Prerequisites


Course Time Requirements
The course takes 3.5 hours a week, which is 21 hours over the 6 weeks. This is the estimated time for total lessons, assignments, worksheets, buddy calls, etc. . There are:

  • 2.5 hours a week in meetings for 5 weeks. (Total 15 Hrs.)

  • 30 minutes a week in Empathy Buddy Calls. (Total 3 Hrs.)

  • 30 minutes a week in reading, session feedback, etc. (Total 3 Hrs.)


Course Reading List

      1. Video: How To Take Part in a Basic Empathy Circle (25 min)

      2. Empathic: An Unappreciated Way of Being by Carl Rogers

      3. Active Listening by Carl Rogers and Richard Farson

      4. Roadblocks to Listening by Gordon Thomas

      5. These Things Called Empathy: Eight Related but Distinct Phenomena by Dan Batson

      6. etc.

      7. (We need some shorter articles and maybe videos)



Typical Lesson Outline
(2.5 hours for Participants + 1 hour for Trainers)

  1. TRAINERS PRE-SESSION (30 min)

    1. Trainers and Trainees meet 30 min before the course to prepare and review the material and presentation roles.

  2. START: Full Group Welcome [30 min]

      1. Welcome the Participants

      2. Check-in -- Participants check in.

          1. How are you now?

          2. How was buddy call,

          3. Any questions,

          4. etc.?

      3. Q and A -- Trainers answer any questions that were in the feedback form and come up in the check-in

      4. Presentation - (Slide Show) - Trainers give a lesson presentation.

  3. Small Group Exercises and Empathy Circle to Discuss - [1.5 hour]

      1. Breakout Circles with 1 Trainer and 3 Participants.

      2. Do Exercises and Empathy Circle

  4. Full Group Debrief [30 min]

      1. Share Learnings: Each participant takes 1 minute to share experience, insights, or learnings gained

      2. Closing

          1. Recap what we did

          2. Describe next Lesson

          3. Any Trainer Final Comments

      3. Give Assignments

          1. Fill Out Session Feedback Form

          2. Schedule Empathy Buddy Call

          3. Write up - Write up a paper about your experience and insights about the facets of empathy?

          4. etc.

  5. TRAINERS POST-SESSION (30 min)

    1. Trainers and Trainees meet for 30 min after the course to debrief and review how the course went and then to prepare for the next Lesson.





COURSE LESSONS


Lesson 1: Introduction
Development Notes (notes for developing the lesson)

  1. An introduction to the course

      1. Empathy is important and key to a better world.

      2. We Are Building the Empathy Movement.

          1. This course is part of the Empathy Movement with the overall goal to raising the level of empathy in society. That is building a Culture of Empathy.

      3. You Are Already Highly Empathic - You Are Already Doing It.

          1. Empathy is natural - it is who we are

          2. We are wired for it. - it is like a muscle than can be strengthened, and that is what we will do in this training.

          3. it is the glue that holds relationships and society together

          4. Empathy Circle is a great practice to model and strengthen it.

      4. Why Definitions Are Important?

          1. We need shared understanding so we are talking about the same thing.

          2. it creates clarity versus confusion and muddlement. A great deal of arguments can just be based on people having different definitions

        1. We need to have clarity to take constructive action together.

      5. Problems with Current Empathy Definitions

          1. There are contradictory and confusing definitions.

          2. There are

      6. We Define Empathy As a 'Way of Being' With Many Facets.

          1. We use the 'Empathic Way of Being' Definition Model

          2. We will explain the facets

      7. Our Definition Builds on the Definitional Work of Carl Rogers.

          1. Rogers is considered one of the Top 2 or 3 most influential Clinical Phycologists of all time.

          2. This is our starting point and we build on it.

          3. About the the readings. Foundation of Carl Roger paper, Empathic An Unappreciated Way of Being.

      8. Defining Empathy in the Context of the Empathy Circle.

          1. This is unique definition since we will use the Empathy Circle as the context to define empathy.

          2. This is just a good starting point. Empathy Circles are like Empathy training wheels. A basic shared starting practice. Gives us a shared starting place to work from. We build up from here and can step back if needed, like if conflict arises. We can go back to the empathy circle to address conflict.

          3. We identify the facets within the context of the empathy circle so that we can experience, feel , and identify the facets.


      9. This Definition Supports Practical Uses.

          1. The empathy circle is a highly practical and useful tool and exercise that you can use in your life.

      10. Some Facets of An Empathic Way of Being

        1. Empathy - Covered in Lesson 1

        2. Self-Empathy - Covered in Lesson 1 (2?)

        3. Imaginative Empathy - Covered in Lesson 2 (3?)

        4. Relational Empathy - Covered in Lesson 2 (4?)

        5. Empathic Action - Covered in

      11. We will be exploring these different facets and experiencing them in the breakout Empathy Circles.


Breakout rooms:
Do the Empathy Circle and;

      1. How to you define Empathy and point out where you see it in the Empathy Circle.

        1. Identifying Empathy In the Empathy Circle. It is sensing into another persons experience. The Active Listener is empathizing with the Speaker

        2. Identifying Self-Empathy In the Empathy Circle. The speaker is sensing into their own internal experiencing.

      2. Change: perhaps start with a more gentle introduction with participants having an empathy circle on what their definition of empathy is.

          1. Still need some intro. We are going into an empathy circle and try to identify aspects of empathy in the empathy circle?

          2. Do an empathy circle on how have Participants been defining empathy?

      3. add to course application

        1. Why do you think it is important to define empathy?

        2. What is your basic definition of empathy, and where do you see it expressed in the Empathy Circle?

        3. What questions do you have about the definition of empathy?



LESSON 1 OUTLINE

  1. PREPARATION

    1. View: Empathy Circle How To Videos

        1. Video: How To Take Part in a Basic Empathy Circle (25 min)

    2. Read and Watch: Rogers 'Empathic: An Unappreciated Way of Being'

      1. Note: Watch the video and read the paper since the paper goes into a bit more depth than the video presentation.

      2. This paper is a description of empathy in the context of a Client - Therapist relationship. The definition still works if you think of it in a general personal relationships or in a Empathy Circle. When you read the word 'Therapist', think of 'Active Listener'. Instead of the term 'Client', think of 'Speaker.'

    3. Read Active Listening by Carl Rogers and Richard Farson

      1. This article do not mention empathy, but is about the active listening (empathic listening) process that we use in the Empathy Circle. It will give you more insights and understanding about the process.

  2. START LESSON: Welcome (30 min)

  3. Check-in: Why are you interested in taking the course?

  4. Review of Course

    1. Intention: To Build the Empathy Movement - need a clear definition and understanding.

      1. Clarity: sense of clarity is important.

  5. Course Arc: Overview of the Six Lessons

      1. In Lesson 1 - we will...

          1. connect with participants current definitions of empathy

          2. Explore Empathy as a Way of Being

          3. Explore Accurate Empathy

      2. In Lesson 2 - we will...

          1. Explore Self-Empathy

      3. In Lesson 3 - we will...

          1. Explore Imaginative Empathy

      4. In Lesson 4 - we will...

          1. Explore Relational Empathy

      5. In Lesson 5 - we will...

          1. learn the Blocks to Empathy

      6. In Lesson 6 - we will...

          1. Evaluate other definition Models in relation to the Way of Being Model

  6. Presentation

    1. Empathy as 'Way of Being' Model

    2. Defining Empathy in the Context of the Empathy Circle.

    3. Empathy is innate - we empathize all the time.

  7. Empathy Circle - Exercises: ( 1.5 Hr.)

    1. Empathic listening - what does it feel like?

    2. Empathy Circle to discuss what we learned

  8. Full Group Debrief (30 min)

      1. Share Insights and Learnings from Exercises

        1. How has your definition and understanding of empathy changed?

      2. Review What We Did in Todays Lesson

      3. Give Assignments

        1. Fill Out Session Feedback Form and Evaluation

        2. Do an Empathy Buddy Call

        3. Reading assignments.

      4. etc.



Lesson 2: Other Facets: Imaginative Empathy, Relational Empathy

Development Notes

    • Imaginative empathy.

    • Breakout rooms: Do the Empathy Circle and;

      • Identify: Imaginative Empathy

          • Role play? who? people in conflict. imagine being

              1. imagine being the person

              2. Imagine being in the other persons role.

              3. imagine being yourself in the future

              4. remember a past event

              5. imagine being an animal

      • We usually do not do imaginative empathy role playing in the empathy circle.

      • with the role playing we can sense a distinct difference between the different facets.

      • here we will do double empathy and imaginative empathy. we will role play and use empathic listening.

      • In the Empathy Circle: how is imaginative empathy used in the empathy circle?

      • one example is in conflict resolution and role playing a person that can not take part. for example a family

      • it is not clear how we move from direct empathy to imaginative empathy.

      • what is the empathic part of imaginative empathy? it is sensing the feelings that come up for you in that imagination. You are give a scenario and you start bringing up feelings around it or associated with it.


LESSON 2 OUTLINE

  1. PREPARATION

    1. ?Batson

  2. START LESSON: Welcome

  3. Check-in

  4. Q and A

  5. Presentation

  6. Empathy Circle - Exercises

  7. Full Group Debrief (30 min)

      1. Share Insights and Learnings from Exercises

      2. Review What We Did in Todays Lesson

      3. Give Assignments

        1. Session Feedback Form and Evaluation

        2. Empathy Buddy Call

        3. Reading assignments.

      4. etc.



Lesson 3: Blocks To Empathy

Development Notes (notes for developing this lesson)

    • A good way to help define empathy is to say what empathy is not. These are the blocks to empathy.

    • Explore the Blocks to Empathy - Review a list of the blocks

    • Role play each of the blocks. record them and can use the role plays in a training video to model how the blocks work.

    • Have Read the the Blocks to Listening.

    • Blocks to Review in Lesson 3. what are the most common blocks. (these can also be the challenges in the facilitator training.)

        1. Judgement

        2. Sympathy

        3. Personal Distress / anxiety



LESSON 3 OUTLINE

  • PREPARATION

  • START LESSON: Welcome

  • Check-in

  • Q and A

  • Presentation

  • Empathy Circle - Exercises
    in the circle of 4, the Speaker talks and the Active Listener role play a block to empathy.

    • Role Play the Block (List if Blocks): [Block Template]

      1. About the Block - Facilitator gives as short description of the block.

      2. Sample Empathy Circle

      3. Speaker -- shares for a minute.

      4. Active Listener -- response with one of the blocks

      5. Comparison to Empathy

        1. Other Silent Listener becomes Active Listener - give good reflection

      6. Discuss the Experience.

        1. Do 2 rounds to hear from everyone.

        2. How did the block feel?

        3. How did the block feel different from empathy?

    • Role Play the Block: Apathy

      1. About the Block of: Apathy

      2. Speaker -- shares for a minute.

      3. Active Listener -- response with apathy.

        1. perhaps a yawn,

        2. not paying attention,

        3. look around the room

      4. Comparison to Empathy:

        1. Other Active Listener - give good reflection

      5. Discuss the experience.

    • Role Play the Block: Sympathy

      1. About the Block of: Sympathy

      2. Speaker -- shares for a minute.

      3. Active Listener -- response with Sympathy

      4. Comparison to empathy:

        1. Other Active Listener - give good reflection

      5. Discuss the experience.

    • Role Play the Block: Judging.

      1. About the Block of: Judging

      2. Speaker -- shares for a minute.

      3. Active Listener -- response with Judgement

      4. Discuss the experience.

    • Role Play the Block: Identification

      1. About the Block of: Identification

      2. Discuss the experience.


    • Role Play the Block: Analysis

      1. Discuss the experience.

    • Role Play the Block: Advising

      1. Discuss the experience.

  • Full Group Debrief (30 min)



Lesson 4: More Blocks To Empathy

Development Notes (notes for developing the lesson)


LESSON 4 OUTLINE

  1. PREPARATION

  2. START LESSON: Welcome

  3. Check-in

  4. Presentation

  5. Empathy Circle - Exercises

  6. Full Group Debrief (30 min)

      1. Share Insights and Learnings from Exercises

      2. Review What We Did in Todays Lesson

      3. Give Assignments

        1. Session Feedback Form and Evaluation

        2. Empathy Buddy Call

        3. Reading assignments.

      4. etc.



Lesson 5: Evaluating Other Uses of Empathy in Articles, etc.

Development Notes (notes for developing the lesson)

    • review existing articles, videos, comments, papers out on interview. How are they defining empathy?

    • Form a team of 3 and review an article together. write up and present an evaluation.

        1. how is the article defining empathy?

        2. especially also look at articles that are critical of empathy.

    • Evaluate Different Models, the;

      • Affective-Cognitive-Concern Empathy Model

          • Affective Empathy: often defined as an emotional reaction.

            • Role Play: Sympathy

            • Role Play: Empathic Distress - Personal Distress

            • Role Play: Empathic Fatigue - Compassion Fatigue - Fatigue

            • Role Play: Emotional Contagion

            • Role Play: Empathic Fatigue - Joy

          • Cognitive Empathy

            • Perspective Taking - Imaginative Empathy

            • Imagine Self/Other - Imaginative Empathy

      • Compassion Model

            • Role Play: Empathic Fatigue - Compassion Fatigue - Fatigue

            • Role Play: Empathic Distress - Personal Distress

            • Role Play: Action less Empathy - Compassionate Action.

      • Against Empathy Model

          • Role Play: Emotional Contagion

    • What are the different categories of articles?

      • Related to compassion

      • Empathy in business


LESSON 5 OUTLINE

  1. PREPARATION

  2. START LESSON: Welcome

  3. Check-in

  4. Presentation

  5. Empathy Circle - Exercises

  6. Full Group Debrief (30 min)

      1. Share Insights and Learnings from Exercises

      2. Review What We Did in Todays Lesson

      3. Give Assignments

        1. Session Feedback Form and Evaluation

        2. Empathy Buddy Call

        3. Reading assignments.

      4. etc.


Lesson 6: More Evaluating Other Uses of Empathy

Development Notes
(notes
for developing the lesson)


LESSON 6 OUTLINE

  1. PREPARATION

  2. START LESSON: Welcome

  3. Check-in

  4. Presentation

    1. Self Empathy

  5. Empathy Circle - Exercises

      1. Self Empathy

      2. Imaginative Empathy: Role Play Scenario

  6. Full Group Debrief (30 min)

      1. Share Insights and Learnings from Exercises

      2. Review What We Did in Todays Lesson

      3. Give Assignments

        1. Session Feedback Form and Evaluation

        2. Empathy Buddy Call

        3. Reading assignments.

      4. etc.