Articles, Papers and Quotes
"In Rogers' original work a key component of the core facilitative conditions for individual growth is empathy. Empathy has since been shown to be the gold standard for effective facilitation in any growth-focused relationship (Bohart and Tallman 1999). Empathy is commonly regarded as an individual-to-individual phenomenon in which one person senses the unspoken or inchoate thoughts or feelings of another. Our observations show that group or relational empathy may be even more important that individual empathy in the formation of conscious communities. (O'Hara 1997) "
"O'Hara describes relational empathy as that process wherein one attunes to the whole entity--the group. Relational empathy makes it possible to sense the interpersonal dynamics, knowledge, unconscious processes, dreams, images, narratives, concerns, feelings, sensitivities, priorities, fears--in other words the tacit and explicit consciousness--of collectives."
"Notes that relational-cultural theory offers an alternative to traditional theories of psychological development. Whereas traditional theories view mature functioning as characterized by movement from dependence to independence, relational-cultural theory suggests that maturity involves growth toward connection and relationship throughout the life span. After contrasting these two theoretical perspectives, the author describes a therapeutic approach based on the relational-cultural model, which involves mutual empathy and working with shame. "
Jordan, J. V. (2000). A relational-cultural model: Healing through mutual empathy. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 65(1), 92–103. https://doi.org/10.1521/bumc.184.108.40.20607
"The Stone Center for Developmental Studies was established at Wellesley College in 1981 under the leadership of Jean Baker Miller. Miller had written her classic and influential book, Toward a New Psychology of Women, in 1976. In 1978, the original collaborative group began meeting twice monthly to explore the interface of theory and practice in psychotherapy. Combining two missions, the Stone Center group sought to better understand both women’s and men’s development and also hoped to change some of the prevailing models of psychotherapy and psychology. In the course of their investigations, members of the Stone Center began to point to the need for a shift from the prevailing paradigm of “the separate self” in Western psychology to a paradigm of “being-in-relation.” Over time, a distinctive theoretical and clinical approach emerged: relational–cultural theory (RCT). "
— Benjamin J. Broome
Broome, B. J., 2009, 'Building Relational Empathy Through an Interactive Design Process', in Handbook of Conflict Analysis and Resolution, eds., D. J. D. Sandole, S. Byrne, I. Sandole-Staroste, and J. Senehi, Routledge, Oxon and New York, pp. 185-200
"The work of this group demonstrates how relational empathy can be built in a protracted conflict situation through an interactive design process. Relational empathy emphasises the co-creation of meaning in a group setting. The interactive design process (‘interactive management’) helps groups deal with complex issues by integrating contributions from individuals with diverse views, backgrounds and perspectives. The theory behind this process draws on both behavioural and cognitive science. "
Relational empathy and the participation in each other’s experience
— Charbel El-Hani, 27 July 2020
"In these terms, we locate empathy in relationships among individuals. A notion of situated, relational empathy can then be built, according to which empathy emerges in the relationships themselves. In this sense, empathy is not had by anyone, but it comes to be in-between individuals. The dialogical notion of betweenness, as belonging to the nature of empathy, can be framed by the idea of a ‘third-culture’ that can be understood, supported, and defended by all who shared its development, that is, who worked together in “the construction of a mutually beneficial interactive environment in which individuals from two different cultures can function in a way beneficial to all involved”. Conceived in these terms, empathy is meaning-productive, as much as it is relational. It emerges from a participation in the experience of one another that is not only intellectual, but also — and fundamentally — affective, making it possible to coexist and co-learn despite our differences, no matter how radical they are. "
(material to sort and organize)