.Empathy is often defined as 'understanding' what people think and feel.
What does understanding mean?
Knowing what they are feeling.
Know how their feelings relate to each other.
Knowing the origination and development of the feelings and thoughts.
What their map of the world looks like.
"Empathy is the ability to emotionally understand what other people feel, see things from their point of view, and imagine yourself in their place. Essentially, it is putting yourself in someone else's position and feeling what they must be feeling. " Source
"Empathy is important because it helps us understand how others are feeling so we can respond appropriately to the situation."
Understanding others’ feelings: what is empathy and why do we need it?
"a multifaceted construct used to account for the capacity to share and understand the thoughts and feelings of others” (Decety & Yoder, 2016).